So many activities happen in a gymnasium. Aside from sports, it can be a place for dancing, concerts, conferences, banquets, and more, in any location and climate. Any gymnasium construction must, therefore, be able to hold up to extreme snow, rain, sun, wind, and seismic conditions to protect its occupants and prolong its life span.
Building Types Ideal for Gymnasiums
When constructing a gymnasium, the type of building will depend on the intended activities in the gymnasium. For instance, cardiovascular fitness exercises that need weights and simple machines may call for a small fitness center, while team sports like basketball, volleyball, and tennis are best done in big gymnasiums. Let’s take a look at the basic types of buildings ideal for a gym:
- Steel buildings. Steel buildings are known for their durability, longevity, versatility and cost-effectiveness. More importantly, steel is an environmentally friendly and recyclable material, effectively saving limited natural resources. Steel buildings come in different sizes and can be designed as gable symmetrical, gable unsymmetrical, single slope, lean-to and hybrid structures. Steel gymnasiums are known to be the preferred type because they don’t require much upkeep and are fire-resistant. They are also impervious to termite infestation, saving time, cost, and man hours spent on repairs.
- Reinforced concrete buildings. One of the oldest construction materials, concrete offers flexibility in design, durability, and energy efficiency. It is likewise fire-resistant and a good acoustic that can control sound vibration. When reinforced with steel, it is one of the strongest building materials, especially for sprawling or high-rise projects.
Gymnasium construction is just like any building construction project for which structural integrity is a primary consideration. Structural integrity is the capacity of a building to bear maximum loads and stress from use and environmental causes. Loads include the forces from the weight of the building materials, actions of the occupants and all the objects in the building such as furniture and fixtures, and the environmental effects of snow, rain, sun, wind, and seismic activities. As hosts for strenuous activities, gymnasiums must be built with floors, roofs, and walls that can stand weight, strain, and pressure.
Floor covers, floor sanding, wall padding, and curtain dividers must be constructed for users’ safety and comfort. Floor covers need to have tear, tensile, and adhesion strength while floor-sanding is recommended for wood floors to ensure a smooth finish. Quality wall foams must likewise be provided with an extreme margin for safety while curtain dividers are necessary for the privacy of different users.
Whether it’s for a home gym, a college sports arena, or a community fitness center, gymnasium construction must be compliant with established federal, state, and local codes as appropriate. Structural integrity, functionality, and aesthetics are crucial considerations, but the safety of users is fundamental.